Exploring Learners’ Media Preferences to Develop Intercultural Competence
Learning English in an English-speaking country, in a multilingual or monolingual teaching setting would significantly change design, content and type of teaching materials. Considering that EFL learners in Turkey would hardly improve their intercultural competence and awareness compared to learners in a multilingual setting, teaching materials used in the classroom should be oriented to develop EFL learners’ intercultural competence and awareness. Therefore, this study aims to investigate which authentic tools are more frequently preferred by learners and which authentic tools are considered to develop learners’ intercultural competence and awareness. Finally, it aims to suggest practitioners’ and course book writers’ reconsideration of material selection and design in accordance with learners’ preferences as well as the progress in technology. This study focuses on ten authentic tools among auditory, visual and written types of media. Learners studying ELT in the 1stand 4thyear at a state university in Turkey indicated their frequency use of and attitudes towards the authentic tools among these three types of media in the scale. The results suggest that visual and written types of media should be more integrated into teaching materials, and also more experienced learners’ familiarity with written type of media might influence their attitudes.
Keywords: Intercultural competence, authentic tools, types of media
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